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2019 广东省中十二生肖马会生模拟联合国大会 初赛试题
0 翁子军 2019/3/20 20:10:28 信息来源:不详 作者:未知

Guangdong High School Students

MUN Conference 2019

Preliminaries

2019 广东省中十二生肖马会生模拟联合国大会

初赛试题


 

Guangdong High School Students Model United Nations

Conference Organizing Committee

广东省中十二生肖马会生模拟联合国大会组委会




写作要求


根据参赛十二生肖马会生就读年级不同,提供A、B、C、D、E、F六组不同初赛试题,其中,A、B组试题中英文组同十二生肖马会皆可选,C、D组试题仅供英文组同十二生肖马会选择,E、F组题目仅供中文组同十二生肖马会选择参赛的同十二生肖马会可以选择其中一组试题,以中文或英文写一篇文章。要求中文文章800字左右,英文文章500字左右。文章可以回答其中某一个问题,或者全部问题。文章不得抄袭,如有引用,请以脚注的形式标注。


文章结构参考如下

1.话题引入,介绍所选话题背景;

2.分析问题找到解决方式;

3.总结全文,预测该问题发展趋势。


文章引用参考如下:


1.中文组:

✓ 期刊杂志   
李东燕:“联合国与国际和平与安全的维护”,《世界经济与政治》,2015年,第4期,第4~22页。
✓ 十二生肖马会术专著   
休·希顿—沃森:《民族与国家:对民族起源与民族主义政治的探讨》,吴洪英、黄群译,北京:中央民族大十二生肖马会出版社,2009年,第614~615页。
✓ 网络资源   
联合国《千年宣言》http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N00/559/50/PDF/N0055950.pdf?openElement.(2015年9月2日)。

2、英文组:
✓ 十二生肖马会术专著
Stephen Tierney,“Legal Issues Surrounding the Referendum on Independence for Scotland”,European Constitutional Law Review,Vol.9,No.3,2013,p.361.
✓ 期刊杂志
Robert Goman, Great Debates at the United Nations: an Encyclopedia of Fifty Key Issues,1945-2000,London: Greenwood Press,2001,p.321.

备注初中可以参加中文组或者英文组,高中仅限英文组。


WRITING REQUIREMENTS


You can choose one of the topics in page 3 to write an essay according to your grade level of English competency. Participants from junior high school to the Chinese Committee must choose one from topic A, topic B, topic E topic F write it in Chinese. Other participants, including all Senior High school participants those from Junior High school who wish to participate in the English Committee should choose one from topic A, topic B, Topic C topic D write it in English.


The structure of your essay should be as follows:

1. Introduce the topic you choose to write;

2. Analyze the topic find due solutions to it;

3. Make a conclusion.


Notes: Chinese committee is open to junior high school students exclusively but the English committee is open to both junior high school students senior high school students.




题目 TOPICS


A组:朝核问题(Korean Nuclear Issue


参考内容:

朝核问题一直是美国近几届总统关注的重点问题之一。2018年开始,美国总统特朗普开始积极采取合作对话的方式谋求半岛无核化,并且得到了朝鲜最高领导人金正恩的积极回应。2018年6月,美朝首脑会晤在新加坡举行,会晤结束后两国签署了共同声明,朝核问题取得了重要进展。2019年2月28日,朝美首脑第二次会晤在越南举行,出乎外界意料的是,第二次朝美首脑会晤在并未发表任何宣言或者签署任何文件的情况下草草结束了,原计划中的工作午餐也被取消。朝鲜半岛无核化的前景似乎突然又变得暗淡起来。


问题1.请结合朝核问题的历史演变,分析朝核问题一直无法解决的根本原因;


问题2.结合当前国际局势以及朝美现任领导人的个人性格特点,分析本次越南朝美峰会并未取得重要进展的可能原因;


问题3.朝核问题近期(半年到两年内)有无取得实际进展的可能,尤其是两国领导人近期有无再次会面的可能?


The Korean nuclear issue has been one of the major concerns of recent us presidents. From 2018, the US President Trump began to seek denuclearization of the peninsula creatively through cooperative dialogue received a positive response from North Korean leader Kim Jong-un. In June 2018, the DPRK–USA Singapore Summit was held a joint statement was signed, which is a significant progress. On 28 February, 2019, the second DPRK-US summit was held in Vietnam. Unexpectedly, this summit ended without any declaration or signing any documents. The planed working lunch was also cancelled. The prospect of denuclearization on the Korean peninsula seems to have suddenly become dim.


Question1. Basing on the historical evolution of the Korean nuclear issue, analyze the root causes which make the Korean nuclear issue unresolved so far.


Question2.Combining the current international situation the personal characteristics of the current leaders of the DPRK the United States, what are the possible reasons why no significant progress was made in the DPRK-US Vietnam summit.


Question 3. Is there any possibility that important progress can be made on the Korean nuclear issue in short-term (within half to two years), especially is it possible that another DPRK-US summit will be held?



B组:修昔底德陷阱Thucydides Trap


参考内容:

“修昔底德陷阱”是指一个新崛起的大国必然要挑战现存大国,而现存大国也必然会回应这种威胁,这样战争变得不可避免。这一政治寓言源自古希腊著名历史十二生肖马会家修昔底德,他认为,当一个崛起的大国与既有的统治霸主竞争时,双方面临的危险多数以战争告终。


问题:你认为“修昔底德陷阱”真的存在吗?如果不存在,理由是什么?如果存在,中美之间能避免“修昔底德陷阱”吗?


The "Thucydides Trap" refers to that a newly rising power is bound to challenge the established power the established power will certainly respond to this threat. Therefore, war between the two powers becomes inevitable. This political metaphor originated from the ancient Greek famous historian Thucydides. He believed that when a rising power competed with the existing dominant hegemon, the dangers faced by both sides ended in war.


Question: Do you think there is really a "Thucydides trap"? If not, why? If so, can China the United States avoid the "Thucydides trap"?



C组:美墨边境隔离墙(US-Mexico Border Wall


参考内容:

建立美墨边境墙是美国总统特朗普在竞选时的承诺,虽然得到了部分选民的支持,但是也遭到了强烈的反对,尤其国会一直不肯批准建立美墨边境墙的经费。为了兑现自己的竞选承诺,特朗普计划挪用军费实施自己的建墙计划。


问题:

请以一名美国普通高中生的身份,从美国国家的根本利益出发,分析特朗普是否应该在美墨边境建立隔离墙,如果是,请陈述理由,如果否,请给出替代方案。


The construction of US-Mexico border wall is the promise of US president Trump during the campaign. However, this plan receives fierce opposition though some voters support it. Especially, the Congress wouldn’t approve funding for the US-Mexico border wall building. In order to fulfill his campaign promise, Trump plans to embezzle military spending to implement his US-Mexico border wall building plan.


Question: As an ordinary high school student of the United States, whether do you think should the US-Mexico border wall be built considering the fundamental interests of the United States? If yes, why? If not, what’s the alternative proposal?



D组:2020年美国大选(2020 US Presidential Election


参考内容: 

2016年美国大选,特朗普作为一个毫无政治经验的参选人打败了众多政治对手,成功当选美国总统。上任两年来,特朗普基本兑现了其大部分竞选承诺,政绩也可圈可点,但作为美国总统,特朗普在国内外饱受批评。因此,在2018年国会中期选举中,共和党守住了参议院,但失去了众议院。对于2020年美国大选,特朗普也志在必得,但不可忽视的是,2016年美国大选民主党热门候选人桑德斯强势归来,希拉里也曾多次表示将要再次参选美国总统。


问题: 你认为2020年美国总统大选特朗普还能获胜吗,如果能,理由是什么?如果不能理由又是什么?


In the 2016 US presidential election, Trump defeated many political opponents as a candidate with no political experience was elected as president of the United States. In the past two years, Trump has basically fulfilled most of his campaign promises, his achievements are also remarkable. However, as the president of the US, Trump has been criticized at home abroad. As a result, In the midterm elections of the 2018 Congress, the Republican Party held the Senate but lost the House of Representatives. As a confident businessman, Trump is determined to win the 2020 US presidential election. However, the 2016 US Democratic election candidate Sanders announced that he would once again run for the US president. Also, Hillary mentioned many times that she would run for the US president again.


Question: In your opinion, Whether Trump can win the 2020 US presidential election, why why not?



E组两会提案


参考内容:

2019年是中国建国七十周年,七十年来,在伟大的中国共产党的带领下,中国人民的各项事业取得了举世瞩目的成就。但是,随着各项事业的不断发展和自身力量的不断增强,中国也面临着各种各样的问题和挑战。每年的三月份,全国两会都在北京召开,全国人大代表将就自己关注的问题提出各种各样的议案。

问题:请你以全国人大代表的身份,总结过去七十年中国的发展历程,着眼未来三十年中国的发展方向,聚焦中国内政、外交等领域的重大而紧急的问题提出自己的议案。



F组中日关系


参考内容:

自近代以来,中国与日本几乎每100年发生一次战争,19世纪发生了甲午战争(日本称“日清战争”);20世纪中国与日本打了一场抗日战争(日本称“日中战争”)。

问题:21世纪中国与日本是否可能再次发生战争,如无可能,原因是什么?如果再次发生战争,你认为大概是什么时候?可能的远因和近因在哪里?如果中国赢了,是赢在什么地方?如果失败了,是失败在什么条件上?我们应该采取什么战略避免失败?





评分标准Scoring Criteria



范文 example papers:

中文组:见附件一(2018年初赛天河外国语林嘉慧B组“人工智能”)

英文组:见附件二(2018年初赛天河外国语刘子涵A组“巴以问题”)

 


 

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